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Jas duit

Jasduit - Just do it !

Friday, April 30, 2010

"Skodeng" Haiwan Liar Melanggar Hak Asasi Haiwan ! - Dr. Brett Mills

  Mat Bihi       Friday, April 30, 2010
Mengendap atau orang muda panggil 'skodeng' dan mengambil filem haiwan liar merupakan satu pelanggaran hak privasi haiwan, kata seorang pensyarah di University of East Anglia, UK dalam pembentangan kertas kerjanya di dalam The Journal Of Media And Cultural Studies.

Dia mensasarkan komennya itu kepada industri perfileman yang giat memfilemkan kehidupan haiwan liar dalam filem rencana atau dokumentari mereka.

Aktiviti seperti memasukkan kamera kecil ke dalam sarang binatang dan merakamkan segala aktiviti binatang liat itu adalah perbuatan yang mengganggu ketenteraman dan privasi binatang, katanya. Sarang binatang liar adalah satu tempat yang amat peribadi bagi binatang di mana mereka sebolehnya sentiasa menjauhkan diri mereka daripada manusia.

Seperti manusia yang mempunyai aktiviti peribadi mereka tersendiri, binatang liar juga mempunyai aktiviti peribadi seperti bersenyawa, membiak, melahirkan anak dan mati dan manusia tak sepatutnya menggangu aktiviti tersebut.


Secara umumnya, hal peribadi atau hak privasi adalah konsep yang diterima pakai oleh manusia sahaja, oleh itu adalah agak janggal untuk menyamakannya dengan suasana haiwan liar. Dan kita tidak tahu samada haiwan membenarkan manusia menggangu hak privasi mereka atau tidak.

Namun hujah Dr Brett Mills, tabiat semula jadi haiwan liar ialah sentiasa cuba menjauhkan diri mereka daripada manusia, ini menunjukkan mereka secara umumnya tidak mahu diganggu.

Teringat saya semasa saya aktif dalam jemaah tabligh ketika sekolah dulu, para jemaah dilarang dari mengambil atau merosakkan apa-apa saja sepanjang perjalanan ketika keluar jemaah. Kami dilarang dari mengoyak dedaun pokok di tepi jalan, menyakiti binatang atau apa-apa saja walaupun ia merupakan pokok atau haiwan liar.

Dalam fikah juga kita dilarang dari membuang air kecil atau besar ke dalam lubang yang dikhuatiri merupakan sarang atau tempat haiwan liar. Hak haiwan ciptaan Tuhan atau alam sekitar perlu dijaga dan kita dibenarkan mengambil atau menggunakannya dengan berhemah dan berdasarkan keperluan.

Nampaknya manusia secara fitrahnya akan sentiasa menjurus ke arah hukum Islam yang sebenarnya merupakan agama fitrah yang tidak dapat dinafikan oleh manusia yang berakal.

Baca laporan di bawah untuk maklumat lebih lanjut:


Filming animals in the wild 'is a breach of their privacy'

Last updated at 8:14 AM on 30th April 2010


Animals filmed in their most intimate moments by wildlife documentary makers are having their 'right to privacy' breached, a leading academic has claimed.
Dr Brett Mills, of the University of East Anglia, said broadcasters treat all wildlife as 'fair game' and deny them privacy from prying human eyes.
He argued that just like people, animals have a basic right not to have their most private behaviour  -  such as mating, giving birth and dying  -  broadcast. 
David Attenborough
Close attention: Sir David Attenborough, whose television work with wildlife has been criticised
The claim comes from Dr Mills, 38, a senior lecturer on film and television studies and expert on situation comedies, in a paper in Continuum: The Journal of Media and Cultural Studies.
His study analysed the 'making of' documentaries that accompanied the BBC wildlife series Nature's Great Events, narrated by Sir David Attenborough.
He claimed that seeking out secretive creatures was 'unethical' and compared putting pin-hole cameras in birds' nests to intrusive Big Brother-style CCTV.
'Nests are a private space and to stick cameras inside is a form of CCTV,' he said.
'It might at first seem odd to claim that animals might have a right to privacy.
'Privacy, as it is commonly understood, is a culturally human concept.
'We can never really know if animals are giving consent, but they often do engage in forms of behaviour which suggest they'd rather not encounter humans, such as running away or building a burrow.
'The question constantly posed by wildlife documentaries is how animals should be filmed  -  they never ask whether animals should be filmed at all.'
He continued: 'There are many activities which animals engage in which are common to wildlife documentary stories but which are rendered extremely private in the human realm.
'Mating, giving birth, and dying are recurring characteristics in nature documentaries, but the human version of these activities remains largely absent from broadcasting. 
'Human notions of privacy which rest on ideas of location or activity are ignored in terms of animals.'
But Piers Warren, 49, founder of Filmmakers for Conservation and principal at the International School of Wildlife Filmmakers rubbished Dr Mills' claims.
He said: 'How can you say whether an animal wants to be filmed? No animal will understand the concept.'
A spokesman for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals also said there was no harm in filming wild animals.
He said: 'Wildlife documentaries can play an important role in increasing people's awareness and understanding of the many amazing species sharing our planet.
'If the animals aren't distressed when they're being filmed then, to use a sporting metaphor, we say, "No harm, no foul".'
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